The United States is home to 63 national parks, and one of these parks is Yosemite National Park. Yosemite is home to various activities and jaw-dropping sights that have been wowing visitors for over 100 years. If you’re considering a visit to Yosemite or just interested in the history of one of the most popular national parks, then keep on reading for 20 amazing facts about Yosemite National Park.
20 Facts about Yosemite National Park
1. Yosemite National Park is in California
Yosemite is located in the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California, and it is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. You don’t need a reservation to visit the park, although they do recommend reservations if you plan on staying inside the park.
2. It is Home to some of the Tallest Waterfalls
Yosemite Falls, which is located in Yosemite National Park, is the tallest waterfall in North America with a height of 2,425 feet. Sentinel Fall is another tall waterfall found in the national park, and it measures 2,000 feet tall.
3. Yosemite Helped Create the National Parks
In 1864, President Abraham Lincoln wanted to protect the land in Yosemite because of all the visitors rushing to the area during the California Gold Rush. To do this, he signed the Yosemite Land Grant, which would go on to pave the way for the National Park System.
4. Yosemite isn’t the Oldest National Park
Despite the Yosemite Land Grant occurring in 1864, Yosemite isn’t the oldest national park. That title goes to Yellowstone National Park, which was designated the first national park in 1872 by President Ulysses S. Grant. Yosemite wasn’t made a national park until 1890, and was the third national park to be founded.
5. Twenty-Percent of the Native California Plants are found in Yosemite
California is home to over 7,000 different plant species. And you can find 20-percent of them in Yosemite National Park. This is an ideal location for anyone interested in fauna and flora.
6. Most visits to Yosemite happen from May to October
The most popular time to visit Yosemite is between the months of May and October. In fact, 75-percent of the visits to the park occur during these months.
7. People have been Climbing Yosemite’s Rock Formations for Years
The rock formations at Yosemite have been a popular destination for climbers and hikers since the 1880s. One of the most popular rock formations is known as the Half Dome, which is made from granite. One side of this rock formation is a sheer face with the other sides being smooth and round, which gives the rock the appearance of a dome that has been cut in half.
8. Yosemite National Park is home to Giant Sequoias
The Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) is the largest tree in the world, with an average height of up to 279-feet tall, and it is found throughout Yosemite National Park. The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) have listed these majestic trees as endangered, stating that there are less than 80,000 of them currently living.
9. Yosemite is Home to the Ahwahnee Hotel
The Ahwahnee, which is Yosemite National Park’s luxurious hotel, was once used as a WWII naval hospital where wounded heroes would be cared for.
10. Yosemite put in a bid to Host the Olympics
In 1932, Yosemite National Park placed a bid to host the Winter Olympics, which was the first year of the Olympic Winter Games. Out of all the candidates, however, the members of the Olympic Committee decided to select Lake Placid, New York as the host. Yosemite is, to date, the only United States National Park that put in a bid to host the Olympics.
11. Yosemite had its First Concession Stand in 1884
The Yosemite national park opened its first concession stand in 1884. The stand consisted of a general store and a small bakery. Yosemite has expanded since their first concession stand, and now offers various food options and restaurants throughout the park.
12. Yosemite has hundreds of miles of Trails
Yosemite National Park has over 800 miles of trails, which makes it an ideal destination for those who like to walk and hike. You will see a wide array of plants, flowers, and wildlife on the hundreds of trails running throughout Yosemite.
13. Yosemite means “Those Who Kill”
The word Yosemite means “those who kill” in Miwok. The Miwok people are Native Americans who settled in the California region years ago. According to Yosemite National Park, the Miwok people called those living in Yosemite killers because they feared them.
14. Black Bears are in Abundance at Yosemite
According to the National Park Service, it is estimated that there are up to 500 black bears in Yosemite. The National Park Service states that anyone who encounters a black bear in undeveloped areas of the park should stay at least 50 yards away from the animal, and to always keep distance between yourself and the bear.
15. You won’t see any Grizzly Bears in Yosemite
Speaking of bears, you won’t see a grizzly bear in Yosemite. This is because, in the 1920s, the last known grizzly was shot and killed outside of Yosemite. So the grizzly bear no longer exists in the state of California.
16. Yosemite National Park was in Star Trek
Trekkies rejoice! You can visit the area where a portion of the movie Star Trek V: The Final Frontier was filmed just by visiting Yosemite. In the movie, Captain Kirk, Mr. Spock and Doctor McCoy can be seen camping and climbing in Yosemite. One of the mountains they climbed was El Capitan.
17. Yosemite Granite Rock Formation Glows like Fire
At sunset, Yosemite’s Half Dome and El Capitan appear to be on fire. This is because the sunlight plays tricks on the rock formations, resulting in fiery glows of orange and red.
18. They used to Push Burning Embers Over the Falls
For many years, hotel operators would push burning embers over the falls at Glacier Point, which would cause the falls to appear as if they were glowing. This event was known as the Yosemite Firefall and was a much-loved sight for visitors. In 1968, however, the director of the National Park Service stopped the practice because it was not a naturally occurring event.
19. You can see a Rainbow at Night
Did you know that Yosemite National Park is one of the few places in the United States where you can see a rainbow at night? Called moonbows or lunar rainbows, they occur at the waterfalls in Yosemite during the spring and early summer months when the moon is full and the night sky is clear.
20. Yosemite is mostly Wilderness
Yosemite National Park measures 747,956 acres, which is about the same size as the state of Rhode Island. And almost 95-percent of this park is classified as wilderness, according to the National Park Foundation.